First we examine the Northeast, where woodland people built domed barrel-roofed and gable-roofed houses of bent sapling frames covered with bark or mats. Then we look at the Southeast, from the prehistoric period of immense earthworks to today’s enclaves of Southeastern Indians in Oklahoma and Florida, where vestiges of native building ideas survive.
Next, in the Plains section we describe earthlodges, grass houses, and tipis. Between the plains and the coast is the Plateau, an intermontane region where both pit houses and tipis covered with mats were prevalent. Moving northward we look at the Arctic with its sod winter houses, snow block structures, and summer tents. Along the Northwest Coast we study the monumental cedar plank houses that were built from Washington state to the Alaskan peninsula.
Reconstructed Mandan Earthlodge